Gallbladder Cancer

Gallbladder Cancer

What Is Gallbladder Cancer ?

Gallbladder cancer treatment cost in India is quite reasonable. The average cost of Gallbladder surgery in India will be around $5500-8000 which includes all the basic treatments like surgeon fees, medicine, hospital charges, accommodation, and travel.

The cancer that starts in the gallbladder is known as gallbladder cancer. This cancer starts in the innermost layer of tissue that then spreads from the outer layers as it develops. A gall bladder is basically located on the right side of the abdomen, just below the liver. Bile (a digestive fluid) is stored in the gallbladder.

Types Of Gallbladder Cancer

Gallbladder cancer can manifest in various forms due to the presence of different types of cells in the gallbladder. The specific type of cancer is determined by the type of cell in which the cancer initially develops within the gallbladder. Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of gallbladder cancer, constituting over 85 percent of cases, while other rarer types make up the remaining 15 percent.

Symptoms Of Gallbladder Cancer

  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Itchiness
  • Fever
  • Indigestion
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight Loss

Risk Factors Of Gallbladder Cancer

Gallbladder cancer arises when normal gallbladder cells undergo mutations in their DNA. DNA within a cell holds the directives that govern the cell’s functions. These mutations instruct the cells to multiply without restraint and survive when they would typically undergo programmed cell death. The amassed abnormal cells coalesce to form a tumor that can extend from the gallbladder to distant parts of the body.

The majority of gallbladder cancers begin in the glandular cells that line the inside of the gallbladder. Adenocarcinoma is a type of gallbladder cancer that begins in this type of cell. This term refers to the appearance of cancer cells under a microscope.

The following factors can increase the risk of gallbladder cancer:

  • Your gender: Women are more likely than men to develop gallbladder cancer.
  • Your age: As you get older, your risk of gallbladder cancer rises.
  • Gallstones: Gallbladder cancer is more common in people who have or have had gallstones in the past. Larger gallstones may pose a greater risk. Even so, gallstones are very common, and gallbladder cancer is extremely rare in people with this condition.
  • Other gallbladder diseases and conditions: Polyps, chronic inflammation, and infection are examples of gallbladder conditions that can increase the risk of gallbladder cancer.
  • Inflammation of the bile ducts: Gallbladder cancer is increased by primary sclerosing cholangitis, which causes inflammation of the ducts that drain bile from the gallbladder and liver.

Diagnosis Of Gallbladder Cancer

Physicians advise an array of tests to detect and diagnose gallbladder cancer, with the results serving as the foundation for customized treatment strategies. To commence, the doctor may conduct a physical examination to identify potential indicators of gallbladder cancer. The examination entails searching for anomalies such as lumps, tenderness, and fluid accumulation in the abdominal region. It may also involve assessing for signs of jaundice. Additionally, any swelling in the nearby lymph nodes is thoroughly examined. If gallbladder cancer is suspected, the following tests might be suggested:

Gallbladder Cancer Treatment

Surgery: A cholecystectomy is a surgical procedure aimed at gallbladder removal along with some adjacent tissues. In some cases, nearby lymph nodes may also be excised. Laparoscopy is occasionally employed to assist with gallbladder surgery. A laparoscope, equipped with a video camera, is introduced through an abdominal incision, and surgical instruments are inserted through the resulting small openings. Since gallbladder cancer cells could potentially extend to these areas, the surrounding tissue may also be eliminated.

If cancer has spread and cannot be completely removed, the following forms of palliative surgery may be considered to alleviate symptoms:


The presence of gallbladder stones can increase your susceptibility to gallbladder cancer, but it is not a direct cause of cancer.

In the early stages when the cancer is confined to the gallbladder, 60 to 80 percent of patients have a 5-year survival rate. However, survival rates decrease significantly once cancer has spread beyond the gallbladder. Late detection of gallbladder cancer can make treatment more challenging.

Gallbladder cancer can result in persistent abdominal pain that may intensify as the cancer progresses. Fortunately, there are treatments available for managing and alleviating this pain.

Indeed, gallbladder cancer is challenging to identify due to the following factors:

1. In the early stages of gallbladder cancer, there are no evident signs or symptoms.
2. As the disease advances, the symptoms can mimic those of various other conditions.
3. The gallbladder is situated behind the liver, making it less accessible for early detection.

Surgery is typically the most effective treatment for gallbladder cancer. While removing the gallbladder can be crucial in preventing the spread of cancer, it’s often necessary to complement surgery with additional treatments like radiation therapy to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence.

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