Orthopaedic Oncology

Orthopedic Oncology: Musculoskeletal Tumor Care

Orthopedic oncology, a specialized field, focuses on diagnosing and treating malignancies within the musculoskeletal system, notably primary bone cancers. Patients can also develop cancers that have metastasized to bones, arising from sources such as breast, colon, or prostate. Orthopedic oncologists address conditions resulting from cancer or its treatment, offering expertise in the complex realm of bone tumors. 

Dedicated to the diagnosis and management of intricate bone tumors, this service extends consultations for benign and malignant bone and soft-tissue tumors, including primary, recurrent, and metastatic cases. Pioneering limb-sparing surgical strategies for malignant bone and soft-tissue sarcomas underscores their commitment. 

Orthopedic oncologists specialize in diagnosing and treating patients afflicted by musculoskeletal tumors. Their repertoire includes bone, joint, muscular, and soft-tissue tumor expertise. Procedures encompass tumor removal, potential bone reconstruction, and facilitating patient mobility restoration and symptom alleviation

Blending Surgical and Medical Techniques 

Efficiently tackling bone cancer and sarcoma necessitates multifaceted approaches. While surgical interventions and targeted procedures eliminate tumors and aid bone reconstruction, holistic patient care entails combined therapies to regain limb function, enhance mobility, and manage discomfort.

Benign and Malignant Bone Tumors
Benign bone tumors, though non-cancerous, can necessitate surgical intervention for restoration of bone health. Noteworthy types include:

  • Unicameral Bone Cyst 
  • Aneurysmal Bone Cyst 
  • Osteoblastoma
  • Enchondroma
  • Giant Cell Tumor 
  • Osteoid Osteoma 
  • Fibrous Dysplasia 
  • Chondromyxoid Fibroma 
  • Osteochondroma

Malignant bone tumors mandate early treatment initiation. Surgery, often followed by radiotherapy or chemotherapy, aims to completely remove diseased bone while preserving appearance and function. Major types comprise: 

  • Osteosarcoma
  • Metastatic Carcinoma 
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Ewing’s Sarcoma 
  • Multiple Myeloma 

Joint Lesions and Soft Tissue Sarcomas
Lesions within joint capsules, impacting joints like shoulder, hip, knee, and others, call for surgical intervention to alleviate pain and restore joint health. Types encompass:

  • Tenosynovial Giant Cell Lesion 
  • Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis 
  • Synovial Chondromatosis 

Soft tissue sarcomas, arising from fat or muscle rather than bone, manifest as both benign and malignant tumors. Surgical procedures, potentially coupled with radiotherapy or chemotherapy, manage such cases: 

  • Liposarcoma
  • Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma 
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma 
  • Fibrosarcoma
  • Synovial Cell Sarcoma 

Comprehensive Approach to Bone Cancer 

Bone cancer, an intricate condition involving abnormal cell growth, might manifest benign or cancerous. Often emerging in regions of rapid growth, its exact etiology remains unclear. Trauma, radiation, and inherited mutations could contribute. Treatment spans various bone tumor types, such as: 

  • Giant Cell Tumor 
  • Chondroblastoma
  • Enchondroma
  • Osteochondroma  

Bone Grafts and Robotic Surgery 

Bone grafts, instrumental in reconstructing diseased bones, rectify issues arising from cancer or fractures. These grafts, promoting new bone growth, are sourced either from the individual (autograft) or a donor (allograft). Meanwhile, robotic surgery emerges as a minimally invasive, precise approach. Facilitating improved outcomes with reduced blood loss, this advanced technique ensures faster recovery, reduced pain, and shorter hospital stays




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