Any form of cancer can become life-threatening if it goes unnoticed and early signs and symptoms are disregarded. Stomach cancer, also referred to as gastric cancer, involves the rapid and abnormal proliferation of cancer cells within the gastrointestinal and digestive systems, gradually spreading to other parts of the body. The origin of cancerous growth in stomach cancer typically begins with the abdominal lining and then progresses to involve the lymph nodes and other organs.
Detecting stomach cancer in its initial stages is challenging since symptoms can be subtle, making early diagnosis for safe treatment difficult. In advanced stages, like many other forms of cancer, stomach cancer can become highly lethal, offering limited opportunities for effective treatment and cure.
During the initial stages of gastric cancer, patients often do not experience prominent symptoms. Consequently, the disease can go undetected and untreated for an extended period, allowing cancer to progress unchecked within the body. By the time treatment is sought, the cancer may have already advanced extensively throughout the body, reducing the chances of survival. Nevertheless, there are certain symptoms that can occasionally serve as early indicators of gastric cancer. These include:
All the above symptoms are very common and do not certainly imply the development of cancer in a normal sense. But in most cases, these are only the early signs of stomach cancer. So, whenever you feel that you are feeling any of these above symptoms, it is highly advisable to take medical help from your concerned health care expert.
After the early stage is countered, cancer starts entering the severe stages, where the cancer cells start spreading into the various other parts of the body. In this case, one might have the following symptoms:
While there are numerous factors that could contribute to the onset of stomach cancer, the precise cause remains a subject of uncertainty among healthcare experts and many oncologists. However, certain presumed factors are considered potential contributors to the development of stomach cancer in the human body. Some of these factors include:
Individuals in their senior years, particularly those aged 60 or 70 and above, are at a higher likelihood of developing stomach cancer compared to younger generations.
This is the most commonly encountered type of stomach cancer, characterized by cancer cells initiating abnormal division within the abdominal cavity lining, displacing the mucus and fluids present among normal, healthy cells. This form of stomach cancer can further be categorized into two subtypes: Intestinal carcinoma and Diffuse adenocarcinoma. In the former, cancer cells exhibit slower growth within the abdominal lining, typically affecting older individuals. Conversely, the latter subtype demonstrates a swifter spread throughout the body and is predominantly observed in younger generations.
Stomach cancer is categorized into four distinct stages, determined by the disease’s severity and its progression:
Stage 1: At this initial stage, cancer cells have just begun to develop, forming a tumor that extends deep into the abdominal cavity. The disease is highly treatable at this point.
Stage 2: In this stage, the tumor continues to grow, penetrating deeper into the stomach, and gradually spreading to nearby lymph nodes. Stage 2 stomach cancer remains highly treatable.
Stage 3: Progressing further, the tumor continues its growth and slowly extends into other parts of the body.
Stage 4: The most critical stage of stomach cancer, where cancer cells have infiltrated nearly all major organs such as the lungs, liver, brain, and more. Treatment options are limited at this advanced stage of the disease.
There are certain ways the diagnosis of stomach cancer that is frequently followed and recommended by oncologists and health care experts. Some of the methods of diagnosing stomach cancer are as follows:
There are several kinds of risk factors that are harmful to the body and might prove to be fatal for stomach cancer. Some of those factors are listed here as follows:
Multiple treatment approaches are employed for addressing stomach cancer, with the chosen method contingent upon the disease’s severity and the specific stage of development within an individual’s body. Several of the treatment methods for stomach cancer include:
This is another form of surgery used to treat stomach cancer in which the stomach is removed, and the food pipe gets attached to the small intestine.
There are pretty good chances of survival after getting properly treated with stomach cancer, if only the disease is not severe in case of that particular individual, and it is not detected at a very late stage when it is barely treatable.
This entirely depends on the severity of your condition and how long your concerned health care specialist advises you to remain under health care supervision. But, on an average, a person will require at least 3 to 10 days to stay in hospital after surgery.
Obviously, after the surgery and recovery from stomach cancer, the amount of food consumption will gradually decrease and the person will be able to eat less amounts of food substances, but he or she should eat according to the amount prescribed by the concerned health care expert.