Patients typically experience minimal complications following knee replacement surgery. Even in cases where complications do arise, they tend to be short-lived. However, when complications do occur, patients may require an extended recovery period. The maximum time it takes for patients to return to their daily routines typically falls within the range of 12 weeks to 6 months. Remarkably, prosthetics implanted in the knee can remain in working condition for up to 20 years after the surgery. Senior individuals undergoing knee replacement surgery generally achieve a complete recovery after a period of post-surgical care.
Moving on to kidney cancer, also referred to as renal cancer, it is the most prevalent type of kidney tumor that originates from kidney cells. This disease can manifest in various locations within the kidney, with the most frequent site being the tubes that transport urine from each kidney to the bladder, known as the ureters.
Other sites within the kidney may also give rise to different types of tumors. For instance, renal cell carcinoma, a common type, accounts for approximately 90% of all kidney tumors. In contrast, Wilms tumors, which are exclusive to children, and other rare forms of kidney cancers make up only about 10% of cases. Kidney cancer is ranked as the 9th most common cancer among men and the 14th most common among women.
Kidney cancer is more common in adults and accounts for approximately 85% of the cases. The disease develops in the proximal renal tubules which constitute the filtration system of the kidney. Kidney Cancer can be categorized into:
This represents a rare form of kidney cancer that originates in the region where urine is collected within the kidney. It comprises 5-10% of all kidney cancers diagnosed in adults and typically initiates as a tumor.
The signs of kidney cancer are not always identified as it does not usually produce any particularly noticeable symptoms at an early stage. But there are some symptoms that may help identify the problem in kidneys. The following are the most common indications that can indicate kidney tumor:
Although the exact cause of kidney cancer is not known, a few risk factors have been identified, and these risk factors are found to increase one’s chances of developing kidney cancer. Although most people who have a risk factor will never develop kidney cancer, knowing what may increase your risk can lead to early detection of the disease and better treatment options. Some of the risk factors includes:
For the oncologist, it is necessary to confirm the existence or absence of kidney cancer based on the collection of symptoms that you experience. To confirm the existence of cancer cells in your kidneys, he or she may recommend a combination of the following diagnostic tests:
This test assesses the presence of blood cells, cancer cells, or bacteria in the urine, as well as the nutritional condition of red blood cells (RBCs) in the patient’s blood sample. While these tests may provide indirect indications of the presence of cancer cells in the kidney, they do not confirm a diagnosis.
Systemic therapy is a type of cancer treatment that involves the use of medication to kill cancer cells. This type of medication is administered orally or directly through the bloodstream to reach cancer cells throughout the body. It is of different types such as:
Targeted therapy: It works by blocking specific cancer genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to the growth and survival of cancer cells. This type of therapy inhibits the growth and spread of cancer cells and limits damage to healthy cells.
Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy, also known as biologic therapy, helps in boosting the natural defences of the body to fight against cancer. The function of the immune system is improved and restored by using certain materials that can be made in the laboratory or by the body itself.
Chemotherapy: This therapy for destroying cancer cells. Systemic chemotherapy is a procedure where the injection of these drugs is done into vein that then enters the bloodstream and travels in the entire body.
Radiation Therapy: The external-beam radiation therapy is considered as the most common type of radiation treatment. In this treatment, the machine placed outside the body, and it uses a beam or a beam of radiation to destroy cancer cells. On the other hand, internal radiation therapy (Brachytherapy) provides a radiation treatment by using implants inside the body.
The best city and hospital for Kidney cancer treatment will not just be chosen on the basis of cost but also factors like number of success cases, medically advanced hospitals, and good treatment facilities. Some of the listed hospitals provides best treatment for kidney cancer in India:
Most kidney tumors and cancer are curable through surgery. We offer a variety of surgical approaches and techniques to remove the entire tumor, including robotic surgery and laparoscopy.
The size of a tumor is one of the strongest factors used to predict a person’s prognosis (probability of survival). The smaller the tumor, the more likely it is that the cancer will be controlled and cured.
In most cases, recovery from kidney ablation takes between 3 and 6 weeks. During this time, you may have some pain in your stomach or on the side where you had the kidney removed. The pain should improve within several days to a week. That is why we recommend that you take a pain reliever such as ibuprofen regularly and continue until all pain is gone. If your pain does not improve after 4 to 5 days, call your doctor right away.
Laparoscopic nephrectomy is performed with small incisions and therefore, the surgical trauma to the tissues is less. This results in less pain and discomfort post-operatively along with a quicker return to normal activities. Most patients can leave the hospital sooner as the overall recovery takes less time.
It is important to consider quitting tobacco because it is such a strong risk factor for kidney cancers and may cause kidney cancer.
Most people who have one kidney can live a normal life without any major health problems. However, you should keep yourself healthy and be mindful about the activities that may cause harm to your other kidney.
The doctor will monitor the recovery of the person treated for kidney cancer and checks for its recurrence. The checkups will ensure that any changes in the health are noted. It is extremely important even when the cancer seems to have been removed completely or destroyed. Sometimes the disease returns since the cancer cells can remain in the body post treatment.
There are many different forms of cancer treatment that can have varying complications and side effects. Some common side effects include hair loss, mouth sores, and vomiting. Prior to care, the doctor will address the possibility of complications and describe methods for treating them. They can be avoided or regulated by some drugs.
Treatment depends on the stage of disease and the patient’s general health and age. The doctor can describe treatment choices, discuss the expected results, and work with patients to develop a treatment plan that fits their needs.
Kidney cancer is not contagious and cannot spread from person to person. It develops from cells in the kidney but does not remain within the organ itself.