The term ‘cardiac’ pertains to matters concerning the human heart. The field of cardiology stems from ‘cardiac’ and ‘logos,’ signifying the study of the heart and its associated functions. Within the realm of medical science, cardiology extends its purview to encompass the identification, diagnosis, and treatment of cardiac and cardiovascular ailments, which encompass conditions like heart failure, heart attack, cardiac arrest, and other heart-related disorders.
In contemporary India, cardiac diseases have become increasingly prevalent. In fact, cardiovascular disorders rank among the most commonly encountered health issues not just within India but globally, with a higher incidence among the elderly population. Hence, it becomes imperative to acquire a comprehensive understanding of all aspects of cardiology, including potential diseases and their corresponding treatments.
Medical professionals and numerous healthcare specialists emphasize that heart disease is a frequently encountered issue among the elderly population. If neglected and left untreated over an extended period, this condition can have fatal consequences, potentially resulting in death in severe cases. Heart ailments are widespread not only in Western nations but also in Asian countries, with India being no exception. Consequently, it becomes imperative that at the onset of cardiac disease symptoms, individuals promptly seek medical consultation from healthcare experts and initiate treatment without delay.
In addition to medical intervention, pharmaceutical treatments, and medications, adopting a healthy lifestyle and maintaining proper nutrition can significantly contribute to the prevention of various heart-related disorders.
Initially, individuals may fail to perceive or recognize the symptoms of cardiac diseases since the early signs tend to be relatively mild. However, if these indicators go unnoticed and are not promptly brought to the attention of one’s dedicated healthcare professionals, cardiac diseases can potentially escalate into severe complications in later stages. Below are some of the prevailing symptoms commonly associated with cardiac disorders:
Arrhythmia is a type of heart disease characterized by disorders in heart rates and the rhythmic patterns of the heart. The symptoms of cardiac arrhythmia will differ based on the variation of arrhythmia that has developed in a person’s body. The common symptoms of arrhythmia are:
Various types of infections can affect the human heart, including endocarditis and myocarditis. Heart infections result from the intrusion of bacteria, viruses, or parasites into the body, subsequently causing damage to the heart. Infections within the cardiac regions can manifest with the following symptoms:
As previously discussed, there exists a diverse array of heart diseases, each attributed to a range of contributing factors within the human body. Some of the prevalent causes of heart diseases encompass:
There are certain risk factors related to cardiac and cardio- vascular disorders. Some of them are as follows:
For proper treatment and healing of a disorder, especially when it comes to complicated issues such as cardiac diseases, then proper diagnosis of the disease is very crucial. Some of the diagnosis methods of cardiac diseases are as follows:
A cardiac MRI helps to get a clear picture of the heart, arteries, veins, blood vessels and how the heart is functioning.
The procedure in which a type of heart disease should be treated entirely depends on the type and the severity of the disease. The common treatment procedures for treating any kind of heart disease are as follows:
There are various types of diseases and conditions that affect the heart:
This treatment is performed when the surgeon feels the requirement to fix the heart rate of the patient and bring it too normal. This treatment method is also effective to improve blood flow and blood supply in areas such as the brain, lungs, kidneys, and into all the major organs of the body.
This is the most common method of treating cardiac disorders, in which an ‘open’ incision is made by the cardiac surgeons to bypass the blocked or damaged arteries and parts of the cardiac valves. The surgeon brings out the waste materials and unblocks the blood veins and vessels for smoother and easier blood supply.
Follow the instructions of your concerned health care expert and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Anyone can have heart- related diseases but the chances are more among aged people.
Cardiac diseases can be fatal if left untreated for a long time.
When detected early, cardiac diseases can be treated easily, but in case of a sudden heart attack or cardiac arrest, healing might become difficult.
The time taken to recover from heart diseases will depend on the condition and severity of the patient, but the average time will be around two to three weeks.