Bone Cancer

Bone Cancer

What You Need To Know About Bone Cancer?

Bone cancer, like many other types of cancer, can indeed become life-threatening if left untreated for an extended period. It originates within the bones of the body and, if not addressed promptly, can metastasize or spread to other parts of the body, making treatment more challenging. Bone cancer typically develops in the bone joints and may affect areas such as the pelvic bone, long bones in the legs or arms (e.g., the shinbone, femur, or upper arm).

In some cases, cancer can originate in other parts of the body and then spread to the bones, a condition known as metastatic bone cancer. Early diagnosis, appropriate medical intervention, and effective treatment are essential in managing bone cancer and improving the chances of a favorable outcome. Awareness of potential symptoms and regular medical check-ups can aid in early detection and treatment, which is crucial for the patient’s well-being.


In fact, there are certain kinds of bone cancer such as osteosarcoma, is quite a common occurrence among children or among teenagers because this is the stage when the human body experiences rapid growth of bones and muscles or among aged individuals who are above age group of 60.

Bone cancer develops in the form of a tumor or as a lump of tissue on the bone or the joint which is known as bone sarcomas. In the initial stage the tumor is in a benign form that does not spread or not cancerous. But once the tumor becomes malignant, there comes a chance of metastasis, because now the tumor is cancerous and can start spreading into the other parts of the body and damage the major organs of the body.

Different Types Of Bone Cancer

Bone cancer can be of several types depending on the place of its occurrence. The different types of bone cancer are as follows:

Complications Related To Bone Cancer

While bone cancer treatments like chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy are valuable in managing the disease, it’s important to acknowledge that these treatments can bring about certain complications and side effects. It’s essential for patients and their healthcare teams to weigh the benefits of treatment against potential risks and side effects and make informed decisions about their care.

Complications and side effects that may arise during or after the treatment of bone cancer can include:

1. Pain in the Chest: Particularly relevant if the cancer has affected the ribs or chest bones.

2. Breathing Problems: This may include breathlessness, wheezing, or hoarseness of voice.

3. Coughing and Hemoptysis: Coughing up blood, which can persist as a chronic issue.

Chemotherapy and surgery, while effective, can indeed result in notable side effects, especially among younger patients. These side effects can encompass:

1. Fatigue and Exhaustion: As a result of the physical toll of treatment.

2. Pain: Which can range from mild to severe and may be related to the surgical procedure or chemotherapy.

3. Hair Loss: A common side effect of chemotherapy.

4. Nausea and Vomiting: Chemotherapy can induce these symptoms.

5. Infections: As the immune system may be compromised during treatment.

6. Fluid Retention: Swelling due to fluid buildup.

7. Anemia: A decrease in red blood cells, which can lead to fatigue and weakness.

8. Digestive Issues: Including constipation, diarrhea, and other gastrointestinal problems.

It’s crucial for healthcare providers to manage and mitigate these side effects to the best of their abilities and provide comprehensive care to patients undergoing treatment for bone cancer. Patients should also communicate openly with their healthcare teams about any side effects they experience to ensure the best possible care and quality of life during and after treatment.

Symptoms Of Bone Cancer

In the early stages of bone cancer, like any other form of cancer, the symptoms are not significantly noticeable. So it becomes difficult to understand as the symptoms are mistaken to be regular issues. Some of the most common symptoms of bone cancer are listed below:

  • Excessive tiredness and fatigue
  • Problems in walking, standing or in any bone joint movement
  • Bone pain that can start after minor trauma
  • Problems in walking, standing or in any bone joint movement
  • Bone pain that can start after minor trauma
  • Constipation
  • A hard mass develops in the long bones of arms, legs, pelvis, or chest
  • Mild to severe pain and swelling in the affected bones that might cause pain in legs and arms

Though the above symptoms might seem to be regular, these might be the early signs of bone cancer. So, when you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to take advice from your health care expert as soon as possible.


Stages Of Bone Cancer

Bone cancer, just like all cancer types, too has been divided into 4 stages. This division is done by physicians based on several factors such as the stages of its development, severity of the disease, treatability of the disease and so on. The four stages of bone cancer are listed here as follows:

What Prevention Can Be Done To Cure Cancer?

  • CT Scans: This is the most vital test that shows the growth and development of the cancer.
  • MRI Scans: This test helps to detect the entire formation of cancerous tumors in the bone joints.
  • PET Scan: This procedure is performed for studying formation of tumors in bone tissues.
  • X-rays: X-rays are recommended by doctors to reveal the internal condition of the bones.

Procedures And Methods For The Treatment Of Bone Cancer



If detected in an early stage, bone cancer and be treated but if the condition becomes severe, there is little chance of survival. Moreover, surgery and chemotherapy also cannot cure bone cancer completely.


The survival rate of bone cancer is approximately around 22%.


The time taken for the recovery of bone cancer completely depends on the method and procedure of treatment and the severity of the disease. But on an average, it takes almost 6 months to cure the disease after surgery.

Patients of bone cancer should consume a lot of protein and calcium- containing food substances such as milk and dairy products like curd, cheese and so on, eggs, legumes, meat, fish, beans, and poultry.


X- rays can effectively reveal any abnormality in the bones, but in delicate cases, further biopsies, CT scans, or MRI may be required to study the internal conditions.

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